running water, provide a fountain.
If your cat likes extra cool water,
try dropping an ice cube in the
water, especially on hot days.
Drinking water doesn’t directly
produce urine, but it does optimize
the urinary tract’s efficiency. The
water mammals drink goes through
the digestive tract and is absorbed
into the bloodstream. The kidneys,
which are part of the renal system,
or urinary tract, filter the blood
and, from that, produce urine.
of cat pee
Cat urine contains about 95 percent water and 2 percent urea,
which is a waste product resulting from protein metabolism in
mammalian urinary tracts. Cat pee
also contains trace amounts of
chloride, sulfate, phosphate, sodium, creatinine, ammonia and uric
acid. Normal cat urine is clear and
yellow to amber in color. Certain
medications can cause urine to
turn bluish, pinkish or other colors. Blood turns urine dark red
or brown, and liver problems
produce urine that is greenish,
yellow-brown or foamy. Take your
cat to the vet if you notice these
abnormal urine colors.
Cat urine has an odor like no
other. That’s because, as cats are
carnivores, cat urine contains high
levels of protein. The building
blocks of protein are amino acids.
Cat urine contains an amino acid
called felinine, which is unique to
felids. Although felinine is odorless
to humans, it breaks down into volatile sulfur-containing compounds
that produce pungent odors, which
are also unique to felines. Intact
males produce about three times
more of it than neutered males
or females, because testosterone
regulates felinine excretion. These
odors serve as territory markers and
Since cats use urine to communicate these important messages,
they are not as intent on removing
those messages as we are. Cat
urine odors are difficult to remove
for two reasons.
One is that cats have a
superior sense of smell, so they
will be able to pick up on the
pheromones left behind from the
felinine that we cannot detect.
Two is that these volatile
sulfur-containing compounds are
not eliminated by regular cleaners.
Keep in mind that these compounds remain on outdoor surfaces come rain, wind or shine.
Fortunately, certain enzymes
can break down cat urine compounds, even those only detectable to kitty. Cats will continue
to mark the spot if we don’t completely eliminate all odors, so use
an enzymatic cleaner.
The feline urinary tract
In mammals, the urinary tract
two kidneys, which filter
blood and produce urine
two ureters, which carry the
urine to the bladder
the bladder, which holds
the urethra, a tube through
which urine flows from the
bladder and exits the body
If your cat produces too much
UREA IS A WASTE
product resulting from
protein metabolism in
mammalian urinary tracts.
Cat pee also contains trace
amounts of chloride, sulfate,
and uric acid.